The drill press is also known as drill machine, is a precision tool primarily used for boring or cutting holes in metal, wood, and any other material by lowering the tool to the work-piece fixed on some immovable object like a workbench. The drill press is a popular choice among wood and metalworkers when precision is a concern or you have large-diameter holes to drill. The drill press is emerging as a fitting alternative to conventional handheld drills because of its commitment to elevated safety standards, obsession for perfection, flexibility, and versatility to conduct operations such as countersinking, counter-boring, reaming and tapping large or small holes besides drilling just as precisely and effortlessly. In this article, I will concisely introduce you to the mechanism, working, and applications of a drill press, which I hope will be a difference maker if you are facing the biggest dilemma whether you should purchase a drill press or stick to your normal, conventional handheld drill. For more on drill press, head on over to the drill press reviews written by me.
MECHANISM OF A DRILLING PRESS
Regardless of their sizes and designs drill presses are, more or less, operated in a similar fashion. Everyone who will be operating the drill press or machine must know how to set up the workbench, set speed and workpiece and provide for coolant to get a desired finished product. In most drilling presses, the spindle is vertical which holds the cutting tools and lowered to the workpiece that is supported on a horizontal bench. Since the spindle is fixed and vibration-free, in turn, immune to jerks; which is more likely to happen with normal, traditional handheld drills. And for the very reason, you can bore or cut holes in the intended object or a workpiece with great precision.
APPLICATIONS OF DRILL PRESS
The drill press is equipped with a variety of attachments such as reamer, a deburring tool etc. which makes it way more convenient to be used in any type of drilling operations. Although a drill press is primarily used for drilling or cutting holes, it can also be efficiently used for deburring a hole, reaming and tapping it. The accuracy, enormous power, unadulterated speed, versatility to operate on large and thick work-pieces alike, sublime functionality and raised safety standards offered by a drill press making it a fitting alternative for majority wood and metal workers.
For drilling a hole
Drilling holes out of a large or thick wood work-piece in a precise manner is a painstaking task for woodworkers if handled with a normal handheld drill. Thankfully due to the accuracy of the drill press, it can be used for a lot more accurate drilling operations. Alignment between an adjustable spindle and the material to be drilled on saw a table maintains the accuracy factor. Adaptability of spindle makes the drilling operation much more comfortable and easier for simple tasks.
For deburring a hole
Once you have finished drilling a hole, more often than not it is found out that while the top surface of the material stays clear but the bottom surface of the material gets disproportionate and burred. The deburring process comes into effect for clearing out the disproportionate surface and getting rid of burrs left behind while drilling a hole. Deburring a hole is, a lot easier than you might have guessed, done simply by attaching a deburring tool you are equipped with to the press drill and putting it in the hole with minimal pressure.
For reaming a hole
When drilled with a press drill, a hole is enough precise but in the specific case, if you want to achieve the higher degree of precision then you can achieve it by using the attachment named Reamer. For spotless outcomes, the reamer should be driven with constant and decreased speed. The flexibility of a drill press to adapt to decreased speed as much as it needed to make it a prime choice for reaming a hole.
For Tapping a hole
Sometimes it is required to cut threads inside a drilled hole. Without a surprise, there is no better tool than a drill press to carry out this task and reason being: The taps are either very brittle or hard in nature. Brittle nature of the taps made it clear that they need to be treated with extra care and precise measurements. There is no better alternative than a drill press for this kind of operation making it the most preferred candidate.